Jerningham Edmund William
|Type of person||Individual|
|Date of birth||5 Sept 1805|
|Place of birth||Costessey Hall in Norfolk, UK.|
|Date of death||2 Nov 1860|
Many of the streets in Gawler are named after buyers of allotments of the Gawler Special Survey that was conducted by Colonel William Light. One of those buyers was E.W. Jerningham. Jerningham purchased 252 acres in the Gawler Special Survey, an estate known historically as the Para Para.1 Jerningham Street, which runs between King Street and Thomas Terrace was named in his honour.
Edmund William Jerningham was born 5 September 1805.2 He was the oldest son of William Charles and Anne Jerningham (nee Wright). William and Anne had four sons and three daughters. The Jerningham family were direct descendants of the 6th Baronet at Costessey Hall in Norfolk, Sir William Jerningham. Their lineage is traceable to the time of Queen Mary, and their family is famous for the defence of their Catholic Faith in the face of anti-Catholic reforms across the UK.3
Jerningham was often in the English Royal court, being invited to the palace to meet with King George IV and King William IV.4 He would later be a guest at Queen Adelaide’s birthday in 1831, through the good graces of his Aunt, Lady Bedingfield, who served as the lady-in-waiting to Queen Adelaide.5 Jerningham married Matilda Waterton on 25 June 1829, they had six daughters and one son. Their son, William died in infancy.6 Jerningham worked for the banking company Wright and Co. 'Wright’s' as it became informally known, was a family business begun in 1699 by a Catholic family. In 1835, the directors were John Wright, Anthony George Wright Biddulph, Henry Robinson, and Edmund Jerningham. Jerningham was brother-in-law to the Wrights. The business operated from 6 Henrietta Street in the Parish of St Paul, Convent Gardens, London.7 Jerningham was a member of the Reform Club in Pall Mall, an auditor for the Protector Fire Insurance Company, and a committee member for the London Southampton Railway Company, he was also on the committee for the South London Union Railway. Jerningham went bankrupt in 1840 after John Wright illegally used the bank's money. Wright had heavily invested in a white-lead-manufacturing company in Lambeth that failed. Wright also offered shares in other companies he had invested in, where the shares were barely taken up. When it became time for the money from the investment to be used, it fell upon Wright to pay up, which overdrew the companies’ balance.8
Edmund Jerningham’s share of the failed bank debts was much smaller than the Wright Brothers, being £7,117 10s.1d.9 By 1840, Jerningham had begun to recover from the bank’s loss, via support from his family. He joined the South Australian Society in 1840.10
Edmund William Jerningham died 2 November 1860, aged 55.11
For a more comprehensive overview of Edmund Jerningham, please read Dr Jeff Nicholas extraordinary work Behind The streets of Adelaide, published by Torrens Press.
[Researced by Allen Tiller].
- 1. Nicholas Jeff & Grenvell Julian. Lord Baron of Kilvey (writer of foreword.) Behind the streets of Adelaide: the unrevealed history of the roads and pavements of a modern city Limited edition hardback set. Torrens Press. (Malvern. Victoria 2016). pp. 932-3.
- 2. Jean-Charles Terlinden. Edmund William Jerningham. Geneanet (2020). https://gw.geneanet.org/lard?lang=en&n=jerningham&oc=0&p=edmund+william.
- 3. Nicholas. Jeff Behind the streets of Adelaide p. 932.
- 4. Ibid. p.935.
- 5. Ibid. p.936.
- 6. Ibid p.926.
- 7. Ibid. p.932.
- 8. 'LATEST ENGLISH NEWS.' The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (10 April 1841) p. 3. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article642839.
- 9. 'ENGLISH EXTRACTS.' The Courier (18 June 1841) p. 4. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2956107.
- 10. Nicholas Jeff Behind the streets of Adelaide. p. 938.
- 11. Jean-Charles Terlinden Edmund William Jerningham.